How To Feeding Your Loved Ones

 

Family eating at the table|How To Feeding Your Loved Ones

Preparing and Serving Food

Your goal in preparing food is to promote your loved one’s health.  When you are preparing food, there are a few guidelines that need to be followed. Use cooking methods that will preserve color and taste, as well as vitamins and minerals. Do not add unnecessary ingredients such as large amounts of salt or fats.

Before serving the food, help your loved one to use the bathroom and wash his or her hands, this will help your loved one to have a nice mealtime. Serve foods at the desired temperature, make meals more appealing, pick foods with high nutrients and calories for better taste if the diet allows. Try to offer a variety of meals; no one wants to eat the same thing every day. Always keep your loved one company when they’re eating—it will help them feel more comfortable. Allow them as much time as needed to eat.

Caregiver feeding patient|How To Feeding Your Loved Ones

Feeding your Loved One

Materials Needed

  •  Utensils: knife, fork, and spoon
  •  Dishes, bowls, cup, glass
  •  Napkins (2)
  •  Towel or bib
  •  Straws
  •  Any other special utensils

Procedure

  1. Explain what you are going to do.
  2. Wash your hands.
  3. Obtain materials listed above.
  4. Prepare your loved one for the meal:
    • Offer to assist with going to the bathroom.
    • Offer to assist your loved one with washing his or her hands.
    • Position your loved one to sit up in the bed or in a chair.
    • Place table or bed tray over your loved one’s lap so he or she can see and reach the food.
  5. Sit near them.
  6. Cut food, butter bread, pour and prepare liquids as needed.
  7. Ask them what he or she would like to eat first.
  8. Encourage them to do as much self-feeding as possible.
  9. Feed your loved one, one bite at a time.   Use a spoon and fill only half-full and according to the ability to chew and swallow.
  10. Alternate solids and liquids.  Use a straw for drinking.
  11. Talk pleasantly with your loved one and encourage them to eat.   Offer praise.
  12. When your loved one is finished, remove their napkin or bib and wipe their mouth.
  13. Wash your loved ones’ hands and face.
  14. Offer oral hygiene.
  15. Make sure your loved one is safe and comfortable.
  16. Wash your hands.
  17. Wash all dishes used for the meal.
  18. Clean and straighten the kitchen.

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We All Need to Eat, So Let’s Learn to Shop for Food

 

Family shopping for food|We All Need to Eat, So Let's Learn to Shop for Food

Shopping for Food 

You are responsible for doing the grocery shopping.   Always keep an organized list in the kitchen and write down things when they are empty.   Include things such as items that are replaced often like milk, bread, soap, and toilet tissue.   Also make sure that you purchase things according to the patient’s diet such as low-sodium, sugar substitute, and low-fat foods.   Be sure to check the pantry and refrigerator often for foods that are no longer good and throw them out. Always read the labels on the foods that are purchased to make sure that they follow along with the patients’ diet guidelines.   Think of food shopping as a challenge. Your goal will be to get the most for your patients’ money by purchasing the best quality, most healthful foods and staying within the food budget.

Terms of Food Products

  • Light or lite—50 percent less fat per serving than the regular product
  • Low fat—3 grams of fat or less per serving
  • Fat-free—less than 1 gram of fat per serving
  • Low cholesterol—20 milligrams or less of cholesterol and less than 2 grams of saturated fat per serving
  • Cholesterol free—2 milligrams or less of cholesterol and 2 grams or less of saturated fat per serving
  • Low calorie—40 calories or less per serving
  • Calorie free—less than 5 calories per serving
  • Reduced or less sodium—25 percent or less than the regular product
  • Light in sodium—50 percent or less than the regular product
  • Low sodium—140 milligrams or less of sodium per serving
  • Very low sodium—35 milligrams or less of sodium per serving
  • Sodium free—5 milligrams or less of sodium per serving
  • High fiber—5 grams of more of fiber per serving
  • Good source—contains 10 percent to 19 percent of the daily value for a certain nutrient
  • High in—contains 20 percent or more of the daily value for a certain nutrient

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Providing Proper Nutrition as a Caring Caregiver

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Cleaning, Caring, and Maintaining a Healthy Environment

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