Caring for the elderly with bedsores
The sensitive nature of a persons skin and the immobility due to chronic illnesses. Elderly patients are susceptible to bedsores. The disease takes a toll on one’s health as age advances. Bedsores begin to shape up as a common sore. Bedsores, also known as pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers. And are common in the elderly who are bedridden or confined to a wheelchair.
These sores, which begin to develop in those areas of the body, which are bony with little fat deposits. like the tailbone, elbows, heels and shoulder blades. Areas receive constant pressure, due to prolonged contact with either the bed or wheelchair. Constant pressure causes significant reduction of blood supply to a particular area, causing bedsores.
Bedsores develop in 4 different stages, as explained below:
- Stage 1: In stage 1, the area under pressure becomes red and swollen and is tender to touch. If the sores is identified during this stage, they heal without much intervention.
- Stage 2: The sore is untreated in the first stage. These become open sores like abrasions or blisters. These are pretty painful and are at a high risk of infection.
- Stage 3: The sores begin invading the muscle tissues and damage them. Bedsores at this stage are painful and also difficult to treat.
- Stage 4: At this stage, sores have caused permanent damage. To the muscle tissues, joints, tendons, and bones. The condition can even turn fatal as treatment becomes a challenge.
In view of the severity of bedsores and the intensive damage, they can cause. It is necessary for the caregivers to keep a close watch on those patients who are bedridden. This would help prevent the elderly from the torture and pain accompanying the condition. When bedsores are not taken proper care of, they become a strong source of infection. Only making matters worse for the elderly.